Sonitpur is a district in Assam under North Assam Division. In 1983, Darrang District was bifurcated to Darrang district and Sonitpur district. Tezpur became the headquarter of Sonitpur District. Tezpur is a beautiful city with lots of scenic sights that will woo every traveller.
Best Time to Visit ?
The best time to visit the city of Tezpur is around the months of October to April.
Summer Season in Tezpur
Tezpur experiences mild summer and the temperature ranges between 24°C to 35°C.
Monsoon Season in Tezpur
Tezpur receive rains during the months from June to September. The place remains drenched all through these months. The temperature ranges from 24°C to 35°C. Tourists avoid this season because of the torrential, unpredictable downpour that can mar your day.
Winter Season in Tezpur
The month of October marks the start of Winter Season and last till February. The temperature is comfortable and generally lies in the range of 12°C to 28°C.
How to reach:
Tezpur, the head quarter of Sonitpur district is well connected by roads, air and rail.
There are two routes from Guwahati to Tezpur:-
1.National Highway No. 52 ( via Baihata Chariali , Mangaldoi, Kharupetia, Dalgaon, Rowta, Orang, and Dhekiajuli)Distance : 181 kms.
2.National Highway No. 37 (via Jorabat, Jagiroad, Roha, Nagaon upto Kaliabor Tiniali ) and 37A (from Kaliabor Tiniali via Kolia Bhomora bridge).Distance : 198 kms.
There are regular bus services from Guwahati. Taxis are available at Guwahati to bring you to Tezpur at an affordable rate.
There are regular bus services from Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat via Kaziranga National Park
There are regular bus services from Itanagar and Dimapur also.
There is regular bus service from Siliguri to Tezpur.
Tezpur is connected by broad gauge line from Dekargaon to Rangia Junction via Rangapara Junction.
It is about 10 km away from the Tezpur city of Sonitpur district of Assam and about 1 km away from Tezpur Airport.
A civilian airport is situated at Salonibari, around 8 Km from the city-centre on the road to Balipara.
Airports Authority of India Tezpur Airport P.O.- Haleswar Dist.-Sonitpur Tezpur - 784104 (Assam)
Sonitpur district falls in the Sub-Tropical climatic region, and enjoys Monsoon type of climate. Summers are hot and humid; with an average temperature of 29 °C. Summer rain is heavy which is both a boon and a bane for the people. A boon, for it provides natural irrigation to the fields; and a bane, as it causes the rivers to overflow their banks and cause floods. Winters extend from the month of October to February, and are cold and generally dry, with an average temperature of 16 °C. It gets quite chilling in late December and early January, on account of snowfall in the upper reaches of Arunachal Pradesh.
Chitralekha Udyan (Cole Park)
It is, undoubtedly, one of the most beautiful places in Tezpur. Established by a British Deputy Commissioner, Mr. Cole in 1906, the park has two massive ornamented stone pillars, and other sculptural remnants . It was recently renovated and revitalized in 1996 under the stewardship of the then Deputy Commissioner, Mr. M.G.V.K.Bhanu, IAS. It has water sports facility, walk ways, restaurant and open air stage.
This hillock on bank of river Brahmaputra is the site of legendary romance of princess Usha (the only daughter of king Bana) and Anirudha, grand son of lord Krishna. Usha was kept on this hillock which was surrounded by fire, hence the name of Agnigarh. Agnigarh provides a panoramic view of the great river and Tezpur. Recently Agnigarh has been developed as a beautiful park by district administration. It has a series of sculptures depicting the mythology ,open air stage, giant mushrooms and huge water fall.
This is a beautiful lake with an island. The island has been developed into a beautiful park with a musical fountain. There is an iron bridge to take you to the island. On the lake one can boat.
Da Parbatia Gate
Ruins of the door frame of Da Parbatia temple, a few kilometres away from Tezpur, is perhaps the finest and oldest specimen of sculptural art in Assam. Its carving is characteristic of the early Gupta school of sculpture.
The ancient temple of Mahabhairab stands to the north of Tezpur town. This temple is believed to have been established by king Bana with a Siva lingam. Formerly, this temple was built of stone but the present one is built of concrete. During the later years, the Ahom kings donated devottar land for the Temple and Pujaris and Paiks were appointed to look after the temple. The responsibility of management was in the hands of a Bordoloi or Borthakur .But now the affairs of the temple is managed by the Government through a managing committee headed by Deputy Commissioner. Sivaratri is celebrated in the Temple in a big manner.
Nine lines Inscription of Harjjar Varma
About 2 kms away from the heart of the town, close to the Rudrapada temple on the bank of river Brahmaputra the famous nine line inscription of Harjjar Varma (approximately – 815 – 834 AD) is seen. This inscription is of 829-30 A.D. This is found engraved on a stone. This inscription is archaeologically important.
It is 10 km to the north of Tezpur, near Tezpur- Balipara main road. A linga was found by a cultivator ( Hallowa) while he was ploughing in the field. A temple was constructed initially on this linga. Later, the Ahom King Rudra Singha constructed the temple in 1705 AD.